The following guidelines are in accordance to (Committee on Publication Ethics) COPE’s guidelines.

Editor Responsibilities

-Editors are accountable and should take responsibility for everything they publish

Editor should:

-Make fair and unbiased decisions independent from commercial consideration and ensure a fair and appropriate peer review process

-Adopt editorial policies that encourage maximum transparency and complete, honest reporting

-Guard the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct

-Pursue reviewer and editorial misconduct

-Critically assess the ethical conduct of studies in humans and animals

-Have appropriate policies in place for handling editorial conflicts of interest

-Peer reviewers and authors should be told what is expected of them

Author Responsibilities

The research being reported should have been conducted in an ethical and responsible manner and should comply with all relevant legislation.

Authors should:

-Present their results clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation

-Strive to describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others

-Adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarised, and has not been published elsewhere

-Take collective responsibility for submitted and published work

-The authorship of research publications should accurately reflect individuals’ contributions to the work and its reporting

-Funding sources and relevant conflicts of interest should be disclosed


1. Kleinert S. & Wager E. (2011). Responsible research publication: international standards for editors. A position statement developed at the 2nd World Conference on Research Integrity, Singapore, July 22-24, 2010. Chapter 51 in: Mayer T & Steneck N (eds) Promoting Research Integrity in a Global Environment. Imperial College Press / World Scientific Publishing, Singapore (pp 317-28). (ISBN 978-981-4340-97-7)

2. Wager E. & Kleinert S. (2011). Responsible research publication: international standards for authors. A position statement developed at the 2nd World Conference on Research Integrity, Singapore, July 22-24, 2010. Chapter 50 in: Mayer T & Steneck N (eds) Promoting Research Integrity in a Global Environment. Imperial College Press / World Scientific Publishing, Singapore (pp 309-16). (ISBN 978-981-4340-97-7)


First Stage

All manuscripts are automatically logged into the tracking system of the journal when they are submitted online through Manuscript processing system. Manuscripts are subjected to an internal review by the Editor-in-chief or the editorial board.

 Tracking Manuscript

Authors track the decision process via our Manuscript processing system.

 Single Blind Peer Review

Selected manuscripts which are up to the basic requirement after the initial review will be sent to external peer review. Reviewers maintain the manuscript confidentiality, without the permission of the editor-in-chief they cannot disclose, print or copy anything from the manuscript. The reviewer's identity is not revealed to the author or to other reviewers of the same manuscript. However, each peer reviewer will receive a copy of the decision letter for the manuscript that she/ he has reviewed. Authors are required to declare any and all conflicts of interest—financial, personal, or other—that may affect the information. If an author of a manuscript under consideration has a primary appointment at the editor-in-chief's institution, decisions regarding that manuscript will be made by an advisor who is independent of the editor-in-chief.

Decision Making

Most initial decisions are made in less than 30 days of receipt of the manuscript. Authors are notified of decisions via email.


Most manuscripts require revisions, minor or extensive, before they are accepted in full for publication. Authors receive instructions for revisions in manuscript decision letters, based on peer review feedback and staff editor's feedback.


All accepted manuscripts are edited for content, overall presentation, completeness, clarity, balance and sometimes for grammar and correct style also, so authors should be prepared for further revisions (sometimes extensive) during editing. These revisions reflect the editor-in-chief's and the staff editor's detailed critiques. Some changes are needed to make content clearer to a broad readership; others are required so that the manuscript will conform to be consistent with rules for standardized terminology, reference style, table style, spelling, and word usage.

Proof Reading PDF

It is the author’s sole responsibility to proofread the final, edited version, which the corresponding author approves of the accuracy of the manuscript on behalf of all authors. Corresponding author can do this after consulting with all co-authors or by obtaining their advance authority to approve the final version on their behalf. Once the final, approved version of PDF is provided it will be forwarded for Full text to be uploaded online. And corrections after this stage are difficult, time taking and may attract extra fees if there are many corrections.

Proof Reading Full Text (HTML)

The corresponding author is responsible for proofreading the full text, and consequently all authors are wholly responsible for the accuracy of the final online version based on the given link. The corresponding author may correct typographical errors and data errors but may not make discretionary or non-error changes to the proof. If the authors make discretionary changes that should have been made during editing, they may be charged the cost of these extra changes.

Publishing and Finalizing the Manuscript

Please make a note of the provisional status: Though an article is displayed in one of our issues before finalizing the changes, it is noted as "provisional" and may accumulate changes further till its status changes. Once the proofreading is complete and the author accepts the finalized version it is published to one of our issues and this finalized. Any major changes from there on will be updated to Cross Mark and are chargeable by publisher.

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