About Journal

The Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science (JUAPS)  is the official scientific Biannual publication of the University Of Anbar. JUAPS is an international, multidisciplinary, peer review and open access journal. Earlier issues, launched 2007, were published under the title " Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science (JUAPS)" with 3 issues per year. The Journal obtained many Acknowledgment Letters from the Iraqi Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. Now Journal (JUAPS) publishes 2 issues per year. A Refereed academic journal specialized in modern languages.
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Journal Information

Publisher: University of Anbar

Email:  aujll@uoanbar.edu.iq

Editor-in-chief: Professor Dr. Yasir Ahmed Fayad

ISSN: 2073-6614

Syntax and significance of Sentence On the arguments of grammatical victory in the book Al-Munsif of al-Kalam on Mughni Ibn Hisham by Al-shumani (872 A.H.)

Liqa Ghafouri Nader; Prof. Ahmed Hashem Al-Samarrai

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 1-21

This research aims to present an applied study on Syntax and the concept of Sentence On the arguments of grammatical victory in the book Al-Munsif of al-Kalam on Mughni Ibn Hisham by Al-shumani (872 A.H.) The significance is in terms of two considerations, namely: definitive and probabilistic significance, and apparent or hidden significance. As for the syntax, it deals with the sentence that does not replace the singular, and it has no place in the parsing, and the sentence that replaces the singular, and it has a place in the parsing.

نشر الإعلام على الأیادی فی تحقیق جمع الید الجارحة على الأیادی لمحمد بن محمد المراغی المالکی الجرجاوی المتوفى بعد سنة 1355هـ

أ.م.د. إسراء صلاح خلیل

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 22-43

The heritage manuscripts in Arabic sciences and other valuable and useful treasures that our ancestors left for later generations, so this research is based on the study and investigation of one of those manuscripts, which is specialized in morphology in how to collect the prey on the hands, as the research included a study of the manuscript and its owner, and then An investigation of the manuscript text included writing the manuscript in modern naskhi script with adherence to punctuation marks, extracting texts from their sources, introducing the flags mentioned in the manuscript text, and commenting on some paragraphs that need clarification in the margin.

غایة الطلب فی معرفة کلام العرب لمحمـد بن أحمد بن عیسى المغربیّ المالکیّ (ت1016هـ)

م.د. عصام محمود کریکش

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 44-72

"Ghayat Altalab Fi Ma'arifat Kalam Alarab" is a book authored in 9th century by Muhammad bin Ahmed bin Eisa Almaliki Almaghribi (died-1016 H.D). It was authored to shorten the grammatical fields to simplify memorizing and transfer. The aim of this research is to re-author and study this book.

القلب المکانی وأثره فی الدلالة دراسة تطبیقیة فی معجم الراموز على الصحاح

أ.م.د هدیل رعد تحسین; مها عماد عبید علی

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 73-90

The present paper deals with a phonetic phenomenon that depends on the assimilation or convergence of sounds, to achieve the phonemic harmony in articulation. The two researchers have preferred that the study be about Al-Ramuz(symbols) on Al-Sihah of Mohamed Bin Al-Sayyed Hassan (died in 866 H.), one of linguistic dictionaries. The sections of the research are various, according to its topic. A preface (a presentation of the author and his book Al-Ramuz on Al-Sihah), a definition of the metathesis, its reasons, the evidences by which it is known, and then selective models of the metathesis phenomenon from the dictionary of Al-Ramuz on Al-Sihah. I concluded that some vocables change their significance according to the change of the locations of their letters, some of other vocables do not change their significance, but their purpose is to make a kind of ease and facilitation in articulation. I found that the metathesis phenomenon in consonants, depends on three measures: the extrinsic convergence between adjacent sounds, the convergence in the phonemic qualities of sounds, or the impact of the strongest sound on what is next to it.

مظاهر التأویل النحوی فی کتاب النکت فی القرآن للمجاشعی المتوفى سنة 479هـ

م. محمود عبد اللطیف فواز

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 91-117

The research deals with the most important aspects of grammatical interpretation that have been mentioned by Al-Majashei in his book “Alnokat Fe Al-Qur’an.” He mentioned the omission issue, which included deleting the noun, verb, and letter, in addition to mentioning the introduction and delay. Thus, he has contributed significantly in clarifying it through solving the disagreement among grammarians and investigating their points of view relevant to this topic. He also interested in the subject of the increase of prepositional letters mentioning the increase of letters from the grammatical point of view only, in addition to his interest in accepting other meanings required by the context through the subject of carrying on the meaning, and embedding in both parts, including the inclusion of a verb in the place of another verb and its transgression with the letter of the other verb and delegating the letter in the place of another letter. These are the most important manifestations of grammatical interpretation that were mentioned in the book.

مسعف الطلبة النّحویة لبیان أنَّ المصدریّة، للشیخ حسن بن عمر الشطی الدمشقی الحنبلی (ت1274هـ)

أ. م. د. رافد حمید سویدان

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 118-152

Many grammarians when coming to mention the base form of the verb and try to divide into explicit one and the one derived from (inna – if) and what it comes with، they confine themselves to this kind of division and unfortunately they don’t come across to other types. Those talented grammarians believe that there are other clear distinction between them. They actually state these difference may affect even marriage and divorce contracts clearly and considerably.This form of the verb has many states and the conclusion has different inner messages taken from this base.This paper concludes the text preceded by two chapters; the first is the author study and the second is the manuscript and finally the references and a bibliography.

القصص التاریخی الدینی فی أدب الأطفال فی العراق (1970 م- 2018م)

سارة مازن قحطان الربیعی

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 153-169

This study aims at shedding light on the genre of historical-religious narrative for children, written in Iraq within the duration of almost five decades, between 1970 and 2018. The study gives a definition of the historical-religious narrative, sets its boundaries, and specifies its sources. Next, it describes the nature of this literary genre in Iraq, to come to an explanation of why it was not prevalent before the nineties of the twentieth century. The study then conducts an analytical examination of two narrative examples of similar content, but targeted at two different age groups, namely, middle childhood and late childhood, underlining the characteristics of each, and the differences between them due to the difference in target. the study finally draws attention to the importance of careful consideration when presenting this narrative genre, in view of its present and future significance.

Polyphonic manifestations in Adnan’s Al-Sayegh The Anthem of Uruk Reading in Polyphonic Languages and Styles

Harith Yaseen Shukur

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 170-189

Although polyphonic as a literary term was born with prose and became a synonym for and closely related to the novel in particular as it possesses a dense narrative that distinguishes it in this aspect from other literary genres, however, no matter how special and inherent in as it appears, it remains, for these species, an interactive partner par excellence. To prove that, the researcher starts from the idea that the term polyphony is a flexible term that tends to include different literary genres. As the novel, poetry has become a point of alliance of different views that converged upon it and entered into its structural fabric, and helped it shift from the dominance of a monolithic vision to a new framework that allows pluralism, whether at the level of multilingualism, styles, characters, ideologies, patterns of consciousness, or others. The researcher will perceive this diversity through four mechanisms: hybridization, stylization, typesetting, and then minted phrases.

التضاد فی شعر الحلاج

أ م د. ناظم حمد خلف السویداوی

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 190-214

The research talks about the contrast of Al Hallaj’s Poetry which is covered mainly with mystery and the hidden meaning. This makes the researcher to create many imaginations and hypothesis which reveal the inner emotions of the poet and the hidden meaning. This research talks about the subject in two axes:1.Talks about the contrast in nouns.2.Talks about the contrast in verbs.These two axes have semantic in Al Hallaj’s Poetry. Thus, the contrast revels the elucidation the meaning in a covered way and shows the aesthetic features of Al Suwfia’s poem.

Poetry and narrativ by Nizar Qabbani

Inst.Dr.Othman Abed Saleh Abbas

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 215-236

The poetic experience of the poet is influenced by social factors and influences, as well as by the major political changes taking place, and we found Nizar Qabbani among the most Arab poets whose poetry stuck to these influences, and is one of the most famous Arab poets in the twentieth century, because of his boldness and presentation of ideas realistically, but this dealing adopted by the poet with his poems made him lose a lot of artistic elements that should be available in the poem, his poems in love and singing women were closer In his political poems, it became more regressive with the presence of direct reporting and rhetoric that is devoid of artistic features, despite the few poems we found in Nizar's poetry that refer us to the truth of art from questions, revelations and foresight ".

فعالیة الإیقاع الداخلی فی النص الشعری دراسة بلاغیة

أ.د. محمد عبید صالح; الباحث نبیل مبروک علی

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 237-260

I sought in this study to highlight the rhetorical characteristics of the poetic text through the internal rhythm. The research raised a level of expressive analytical levels for the purpose of studying rhetoric, as it dealt with five demands: (paronomasia، counterpoint, repetition, rotation, initiation, and Epanalepsis).

A Sociophonetic Analysis of Lexical and Epenthetic Vowels in Iraqi Arabic

Fuad Jassim Mohammed

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 261-273

In recent years, a considerable research has been conducted to examine epenthetic vowels (Alghamdi, 1998; Hall, 2006, 2013; Gouskova & Hall, 2007, 2013) This paper aims at investigating epenthetic vowel in word onset CC cluster in the Arabic dialect of Hit, Iraq (HIA) from an acoustic perspective. It provides an acoustic analysis of vowel epenthesis in this dialect and presents phonetic correlations between the lexical and epenthetic vowel /a/ in singleton contexts. This study builds on previous studies that investigated temporal and spectral i.e. vowel duration and formant frequencies F1 and F2 characteristics of epenthetic and lexical vowels in several Arabic dialects. It has been reported that in HIA the short vowel /a/ is elided in open unstressed syllables, resulting in onset two consonant clusters. For example, the word /bana:t/ ‘girls’ is pronounced as [bana:t] in Standard Arabic and Baghdadi Iraqi dialect, while in HIA it is pronounced as [bna:t]. It has been observed that this dialect began to insert an epenthetic vowel within onset CC clusters. Despite this fact, no previous acoustic analyses of this type have been conducted on this dialects. The present paper presents an empirical evidence to the universal as well as language-specific acoustic features of lexical and epenthetic vowels and relates such evidence to social variables i.e. speakers’ gender. Ten native HIA speakers were recorded (5 males/ 5females), their average age is 35. All participants were born and raised in Hit and were doing their postgraduate studies at the time of conducting the recordings. In total, the ten participants produced 480 tokens as included in a carrier sentence /aqu:l……. marte:n/ ‘I say……twice’. Acoustic measurements have shown that there are considerable spectral and temporal differences among speakers; all speakers produced shorter, higher and baker epenthetic than lexical [a]. In terms of gender differences, male speakers produced higher and more retracted lexical and epenthetic /a/ than female peers There were significant gender variations across HIA speakers in the production of epenthetic and lexical vowels.

Quenchless Propensity for Masculinity: A Textual Analysis of David Rabe’s The Basic Training of Pavlo Hummel

Prof. Dr. Hamid Hammad Abed

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 274-285

David Rabe (1940- ) is one of the most prominent American playwrights who frequently tackles the socially serious issues. Consequently,this study will focus on analyzing the protagonist’s eagerness for attaining the sense of masculinity. Rabe has confirmed the impossibility of achieving an ideal masculinity via enthusiastic delusion. In The Basic Training of Pavlo Hummel, Rabe has investigated what threatens and spoils the ethical texture of the American Army specially in wartime. His portrayal of war carries a satisfactory interpretation since it mirrors his own military life during Vietnam War. This play Looks great not purely because of Rabe’s employment of a realist technique, but in urging the spectators to be familiar with the quenchless propensity of his protagonist. The significance of this study lies in its textual analysis of the title’s character, who fails to understand the warnings and orders of his commander during the period of the basic training.

Using Collocation List as an Instrument to Identify Linguistic Metaphors in The Independent

Assist. Prof. Dr. Imad Hayif Sameer; Assistant Lecturer Sahira Ahmed Mahmood

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 286-299

This study aims to investigate using a list of collocations as an instrument to identify metaphors in the language of newspapers ( The Independent). This study is concerned with identifying metaphors by using collocation list.Collcation as a linguistic phenomenon means two or more words that go together in a text. This phenomenon can be considered as the best instrument to identify lingustic metaphor in large texts. This is because sometimes one of collocation’s component parts is used metaphorically. This collocation is called a metaphorical collocation. This study comes as a support to the previous ones that view collocation list as an instrumentthat helps researchers to identify metaphor in large data like the language of newspapers.In this study, the researcher selects certain list of collocations from the independent, and appliesa method of MIP suggested by Pragglejaz Group (2007) as a method of identifying metaphorically used words. This qualitative study is based on identifying linguistic metaphors in certain list of collocations (five samples selected from The Independent).

Halliday’s Perspective of Modality in Iraqi EFL Learners’ Essays

Awham Rasheed

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 300-321

The present study attempts to investigate the function of modality in the Iraqi EFL learners’ essays at the college level based on discourse analysis theories It aims to identify the EFL University students' competence and knowledge of the types of modality and use them in writing to reach a high level of persuasion, hence, characterizing Iraqi learners’ peculiar communicative style. To achieve this aim, the study adopts Halliday’s (1985/1994) modal of SFG (Systemic Functional Grammar) to render a statistic of modality types, whereby thirty essays are chosen randomly as data of this study, Writing Essay Material, Third Year Class, English Department, College of Education for Humanities, University of Anbar, 2018-2019. The finding of the study reveals that since the subject under analysis is argumentative, students are free to use the types of modality, therefore, the types of modality are vital to help students express their opinions in persuasive way. This refers to the vital communicative value of modality types.

Working-Class Identity in Gillian Slovo's The Riots

Zahia Khudier Harhosh; Asst. Prof. Majeed Ismail Fayadh

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 322-340

The image of the traditional working class has been shattered and replaced by Chavs image as a significant representation of the working-class in 21st century Britain. This paper aims to articulate working-class subjectivity and the struggle over the meaning of class in Gillian Slovo’s The Riots (2011). It aims to investigate working class culture as a significant interest that determines workers' life chances in modern society. The paper consults Bourdieu's main concept Habitus and Owen Jones' book Chavs: The Demonization of the working class which explores the class hatred during Thatcher's years. Working-class individuals become unemployed, drug abused, and criminals, eventually were forced to live in poverty of mind and body. Working-class individuals find themselves out of their works because of the government policy that plans to destroy them to remove any power that stands against their political decisions. Working-class individuals behavior, their language and taste become the main standards to identify their identity. Finding this new discourse is not a demonstration of poverty, exploitation and oppression or even alienation but the reflection of one's deviation and behavior.

Re-Writing the Feminine Myth in Adrienne Rich's I Dream I'm the Death of Orpheus

Ruqaya Ibrahim Mohammed; Dr. Mohamad Fleih Hassan

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 341-355

Feminist writers always work on representing women in literature positively through rewriting her history and her role in the society. They intend to liberate her from the constrains of patriarchal myths and history which confined her image to passivity and weakness. As a feminist poet, Adrienne Rich uses her poetry to empower woman's status by exploring the influence of the patriarchal language and history which contributes to undermine woman's position in the society. She used her feminine discourse to deconstruct the patriarchal myths and to re-write them again in order to inscribe women's names in these myths as an equivalent power to the power of males. Thus, the present study aims to investigate Rich's discourse of re-writing mythology in her poem, I Dream I'm the Death of Orpheus. The study approaches her discourse of female difference in language in light of Helene Cixous's theory of écriture feminine. The study concludes that woman's different use of language in light of Cixous's concept can be a vital strategy of empowering women rather than weakening and inferiorizing them.

Simon Stephens's Motrtown: Veteran's alienation in light of Sebastian Junger's Notions

Sumaya Majeed Slebi; Asst. Prof. Majeed Ismail Fayadh

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 33, Pages 356-365

The alienated homecoming veteran is an important subject in modern societies that affects the fabric of everyday life. Alienation is a sense of nostalgia of a homecoming who comes again to his country to find himself strange among his family and friends. This paper examines the alienation of a homecoming veteran, who leaves his country and takes risks on behalf of his people for sake of their safety. The homecoming veteran who experiences a tribe-like life in the army hopes to re-establish the same old relations in the army. Yet, he discovers that this society is by no means like his previous one. Thus, this study aims to investigate how the veteran is alienated from his society when returning home, and that leads to show the veteran inability to reintegrate or make healthy and balanced relations. Moreover, the study shows how does such veteran lose the sense of communal life in the army. Throughout a textual analysis and by depending on Sebastian Junger's Notions that he outlines in his book Tribe: On Homecoming and Belonging (2016), this paper analyses Simon Stephens's Motortown (2005) from Junger's notions of homecoming veteran.

A Syntactic Study of Discontinuity in the English Version of Selected Iraqi Legal Texts

Hazim Hakkush Al-Dilaimy; Shaymaa Ibrahim Yousif

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 10, Pages 1-17

Syntactic discontinuity is a grammatical phenomenon in which a constituent of a sentence is split into two parts due to the insertion of an element which is not part of it or the movement of a constituent to a position which is not its canonical one. Sentences with syntactic discontinuity convey the same literal meaning given by them without it. Thus, legislators manipulate such constituents in Legislations since they offer them various styles of writing which may help to express the Legislations clearly and adequately. Hence, the present study attempts to test the hypotheses that syntactic discontinuities are varied and frequently used in legal texts and the sentences with syntactic discontinuity have specific structural characteristics. For the purpose of testing these hypotheses, the official English versions of ten Iraqi legal texts is issued between 1999- 2002.
To find out the frequency of occurrence of syntactic discontinuity in the accurances selected texts, the study includes calculating their rates. Analysis of the data has shown that five types of syntactic discontinuity are used by legislators. The study concludes that syntactic discontinuities are widely used, i.e. (118) times, in the analysed texts; this is so due to the need for long sentences which involve many details to make the Law as clear and interpretable as possible to the average readers as well as to the specialists. On the basis of the conclusions a number of suggestions have been proposed. These can be of assistance to the specialists as well as the average reader who needs to understand and correctly interpret the legal texts.

the criticism of the Quranic nouns for its agreement or disagreement with the meaning

Abdulrazaq Ali Hussein; Mohammed Jassim Maroof

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 11, Pages 51-72

This paper is a model study of the criticism of the Quranic nouns for its agreement or disagreement with the meaning. We studied the criticism of each reading with an analysis of this criticism and study the phases on which each reading is being authorized. We followed an analytical method based on probation and balancing in judgment.


Sura Abdul Wahid H; Zeydan K. Omar

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 8, Pages 189-210

This paper offers a theoretical exploration of impoliteness in some of Harold Pinter's plays. This paper also examines the ways in which interactants use impolite behaviors or utterances to achieve their purposes . Impoliteness as a well known fact is the opposite of politeness and part of social interaction. This research analyzes three plays of Pinter and examines how impoliteness is used to reflect the relationships between the characters.

التکرار الصوتی وأثره الدلالی عند حمید بن ثور الهلالی فی دیوانه.

Nidhal Husham Abdularazaq

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2017, Volume 2017, Issue 24, Pages 268-301

Summarized the Idea of research to address the voice and its impact in the direction of meaning .I discussed the repetition of the letters and showed the semantic effect in this repetition in the Hamid ibn Thaure Alhelaly has thrown the initialization of the repetition on the letter language scientists and promised to repeat the verses . The semantic guidance in that and found that the semantic are agreeable to the free Indication.

A Contrastive Study of the Effectiveness of Comparative and Expository Advanced Organizers on the Achievement of 4th preparatory Students in English Grammar.

Amir Bneya Al-Kubaisy; Omar Abid Salih

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 10, Pages 131-150

The objective of this study is to investigate the differences in the effect of comparative and expository advanced organizers on the achievement of 4th preparatory students in English grammar. The study is limited to the 4th preparatory students in Ramadi schools for boys during the first term of the academic year 2012-2013. To achieve the purpose of the present study, it is hypothesized that there is no significant difference between the mean scores of the achievement of the first group who is given comparative advanced organizers and the second group who receives expository advanced organizers.
To test the above hypothesis, a sample of 60 4th preparatory students from Al-Meethaq secondary school has been randomly chosen and distributed into two groups. The first group (30 students) has been exposed to comparative advanced organizers, while the second group (30 students) has been exposed to expository advanced organizers. Both assigned groups are equalized in terms of certain variables. The experiment lasted four weeks. During this period, the researcher himself taught the two groups to control the teacher variable. At the end of the experiment, students have been post-tested on the same subject matter which is constructed by the researcher. The data collected has been analysed by using t-test formula at 0.05 significance level. The findings reveal that there is a significant difference between the mean scores of the two groups in favour of the first group since its mean score is higher than that of the second group.
On the basis of the findings, the study ends with a number of recommendations.

Semantic activities of the evil character's performance in a theatrical show (Faust) as a model

Shaaban Rajab Abdulrazaq

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 28, Pages 133-170

AbstractExpressive Executions and the Performance of Evil Character in the TheatricalShowThis paper is about the practical executions of the performative expressiondone by the actor in the theatrical show to convey the intellectual, social, andaesthetic meaning to the audience. The evil character is a composite character inperformance and interaction on the stage. It expresses the performative activities andtechnical skills. It is associated with special cases related to specific mentalconditions and is applied practically into movements executed willingly under antistimuliwhere the actor is supposed to have the ability to create new sensory ormental images registered in human consciousness on the principle of transformingthe impressions gathered from reality and re-shaping them aesthetically inside theshow in such a way as to allow the the societal culture to rearrange the awarenessvia this character which is deeply rooted in the depths of Mankind and his myths,religions, and popular and cultural heritage to grasp the their hidden meanings.Thispaper tries to answer the following query: how can the actor execute his performativetechniques and how can the audience decipher meanings and understand andcommunicate with them. The paper is divided as follows: the problem , significanceand limitations of the paper, explanation of the concept of evil character, thetheoretical framework which consists of two sections: the first section is about theevil character and the views on it (philosophical/dramatic narration) whereas thesecond section deals with the expressive execution in the work of the actor and theway to establish its performative techniques. The researcher came out with someindicators that can be used to analyze the sample of the study. An analysis of Faustplay as a sample was conducted then. The following results were arrived at: themovements and gestures of the actor and the the portrayal of his body shape as amulti performative and skill build-up. It is a projection on the intellectual,psychological, and social level of the character. It also contribute to enhance thedramatic action and push it forward. The amount of movement and the gesture fluxis a shaping system that uncovers the coded meanings. A bibliography of the sourcesof the paper is given at the end of the paper followed by an Arabic and English

Reasons for reality and dream in Andalusian poetry

إیاد إسماعیل هلال علی; أ.م.د.محمود شاکر ساجت

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 30, Pages 180-203

Dreams are a special world that is different from the real world we live in, and no less important in human life, it is a world equal to reality and the events and events in this vast space. In this research I tried to discover and explain the reasons of dream as well as the reasons of reality to reach the depths of the poet during When poets express a certain situation, they evoke everything that is realistic and imaginary in front of them, or abandon the reality and live in a place and time to move away from the surrounding tragedies and tribulations, which make them want to change the reality of the poetical creativity of the Andalusian poet, Indeed.

Psychological motives in the books of enthusiasm, the poetry of the environment as a choice

صفاء مؤید یوسف; أ.م.د.جاسم محمد عباس

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 30, Pages 460-480

In the name of ALLAH, prayer and peace be upon the Messenger of ALLAH Muhammad and
his family and companions and his ALLAH to the Day of Judgment and after:
This research deals with the environment and its relationship with the poet in the Books of
Zeal (enthusiasm). It is a research in which the researcher dealt with the psychological
reflections that the environment gives the poet, and the disorders that the poet suffers from. In
one hand the poet lives in an environment that does not comfort him and in other hands that
does comfort him. The research took the responsibility of analyzing and interpreting verses
from several aspects; from these aspects are the psychological aspects, which the research
revolves around the research, and also the rhetoric aspects, and others that have relationship
with the interpretation and the analysis.

Quranic words and their impact on Quranic expression (Surat An-Naba as a model)

م.م اسراء جمیل شریف

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 30, Pages 532-559

In the name of of Allah the Merciful
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, and the best prayer and complete our handover to our Master
Muhammad, his family and companions.
There is no doubt that excellence, leadership, dignity, leadership, pride and sovereignty in this world
and in the Hereafter are the campaign of the Book of Allah and the worlds of the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) and because he said: This weight raises the book and puts others.
Quran, memorization and research in the secrets of the Koran The book does not end Wonders dazzled
the minds of scientists and linguists and researchers as a motor of thought and gave the meanings and
viva useful science, and from this point found it appropriate to go in the midst of this book was my
research entitled "Sura") and the nature of research To swear to Introduction and three questions and a
conclusion, the introduction said the reason for choosing the subject and its importance and research
plan, and the detective as follows....
The first topic: the ways of grammatical meanings in the sura and four demands included, the first
condition: emphasis, the second condition: definition and logic, the third condition: deletion and male.
The fourth demand: submission and delay, and the second topic: methods of rhetoric in the sura, and
included three demands....
The first demand: the metaphorical demand for knowledge of meanings, and the second condition: the
science of the statement, the third request: the science of Budaiya, and the third topic: the art of
Quranic expression in the sura. It contains two requirements: the first condition: the structure in the
Quranic expression and the second demand: altruism.
In conclusion, I mentioned the most important findings in my humble research.
At the end of the research, I listed the most important sources and references on which my research
was based. In conclusion, I ask God to make this work pure for His holy face. God has reached our
master Muhammad and his family and companions

Morphological responses in the eloquence explanations for Harwi (433 AH), Zamkashari (538 AH) and Al-bli (691 AH)

Jassim Mohammed Suhail; Osama Mohammed Swilim

Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 8, Pages 1-21

Dealt with in this paper some morphological responses in the annotations to selected eloquent Imam Thalab, and they and the HroaZamakhshariAllbula and, taking those responses in the balance of scientific research. Research has shown the lack of responses morphological on Thalab, they did not exceed the toes to stop one, other than their responses to others, in particular in the door of the acts of Allbula, it has more of this kind and the son of Derstwe particular; for the frequency response the last words of General and languages Almrdhulh in his view , and that that bunker on the Thalab, in the door of the discharge was the argument of the Thalab, found in Arabia or what it has come out, unlike their response to the other, there are texts see them as they went to, or chosen. Thank God that His grace is righteous.

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