Print ISSN: 2073-6614

Online ISSN: 2408-9680

Volume 11, Issue 2

Volume 11, Issue 2, Summer 2019, Page 1-573


Drawing attention to the Al-Mutanabi poem

Dr. Abdullah Ahmed Salem Al-Misri

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 1-20
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170720

Abstract:This study endeavored to elucidate the stylistic properties, which drawattention to Al-Mutanabi poet. In this study, I selected the method of statisticalstylistic method, that based on the determination of stylistic properties on thestatistical analysis of texts.As well as paying attention to the arts of Arabic rhetoric. It has six images,all contained in Al-Mutanabi poet. These images have been examined,particularly two of them. Because of their frequent presence in his poetry,namely: paying attention from backbiting to speech, and speech to backbiting.In addition, the study was provided with two tables in which I collected theverses that presented these two images.

Adjustment and interpretation in “Maejam Rawdat Al-Lugha for Dr. Ahmed Al-Khani”

Sameera Hamad Fayadh; Dr. Khairy Jubear Labbas

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 21-50
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170722

Abstract:This research dealt with the study of the structure of the words and methods ofinterpretation of language in “Maejam Rawdat Al-Lugha for Dr. Ahmed Al-Khani”. As itdealt with the methods of control, which are varied, the author of this lexicon paid attention tothe known setting methods, such as setting using (pen) and setting the name of the indicationand setting by an example, and it had neglected some of methods such as setting bymentioning the adjective of letter. (The research dealt with some of the words of differenttuning in the light of old and modern lexicons. The study also discussed ways of interpretingthe word and explaining it. It has presented a number of ways in which the author of thelexicon relied upon, such as interpretation by opposite in the linguistic, synonyms, causal andmetaphorical contexts. The research also dealt with the words in the light of old and modernlexicons.

Idealism in pre-Islamic flirtation poetry "study and analysis"

Sadam Ali Salih; Dr. Nasra Uhmaid Jadwe

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 51-77
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170724

The yarn revolves around the poet's admiration of women and the drawing of the featuresof the ideal image came from two things: the first: the moral, the second: the material, themoral is closely linked to the morality of the honor known to Arab women and away from allthat shakes the neighborhood and away from the external environment, the material is thequalities Congenital, which complement the appearance of women in terms of beauty of thebody and face in everything. And in all this they did not exceed the limits of ethics and ethicswhich they have raised themselves and their officer in this lousy yarn that revolves in the orbitof true love far from falsehood and deception.

Metaphor and modern theories of the poets of the Iraqi sixty generation

Bilal Ibraheem Shbeeb; Dr. Abdulnasir Hashim Mohamed

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 78-105
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170726

Abstract :In this research we examined metaphor according to modern analysis theories of a group ofIraqi generation of the poets. The nature of the study required that it be studied through threemethods: Structural, Deconstruction and Reception, to obtain the desired results by analyzingthe poetry of this generation that contained metaphor. The metaphorical expressions aremainly based on the production of signs that differ from the literal translation and which givethe recipient the opportunity to share the creative experience in poetry as well as transfer thecreative process from the superficiality to extend in an atmosphere of hope and multiple levelsof reception.

The Grammatical Investigation in the Kitab al-'Udah by Ibn Farhoun al-Madani (769 AH) Accusative Nouns as Sample

Hiam Abduallah Harajn; Dr. Ali Hussien Khuder

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 106-124
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170728

There is no doubt that the study of the applied grammar of Quran and Sunnah and poetry, is veryimportant. There have been many studies in poetry as the Arabs Court, and in Quran as the book ofGod and the Constitution of Muslims, but the hadeeth has been less compared to Koran and poetry.Here we are studying a book of (Aerab Alhadith Alsharifi), In this research we will review theAccusative case of names in book (Al Adah fi Aerab Al-Aumdah) by Ibn Farahon. The researchincluded studying the Accusative of theoretical names in eleven accusatives and mentioned this inthe applied evidence from the book of (Al Adah fi Aerab Al-Aumdah).The views were brought together by ancient and modern Arab grammarians to appear in a formfamiliar with the grammatical views that abounded and multiplied to speech. The research is asyntactic study preventive between theoretical and applied so that it is easier for the reader to delveinto the expression of Hadeeth which scientists overlooked it.

Grammatical issues in the printed writings of Abd al-Malik al-Asfrayani (d.1037 AH)

Mohamed Suliaman Abood; Dr. Mahmood Khalaf Hamad

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 125-154
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170730

Abdulmalik Al-Esfiram ini (p. 1037 H) has grammatical effects in different books. He is theelite scientist and one of the scientists of Arabic language in 11the century. I tried to gatherthem and make them be easy for those who search them, and minimizing their efforts andtime order to be a reference with twenty cases, starting with his efforts in analysis boundaryand concluding in the case twenty by using (Bat) to mean( Sar ) changed

Narrative Personality Patterns in the Book of the Tiger and the Fox by Sahl bin Harun

Aziza Izelden Lafy

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 155-179
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170731

The research contains important case of Arabic literature which is stories told by animals,known as animals stories.In that field the researcher had found that, this type of stories gives the reader some kind ofpleasure in which exceeds that from other stories that had been made only for spending time,it takes the readers to another level by explaining to them a very important manner which isthe criticizing of rulers, the actions they made and its relation with the common, a goodexample of that the story of the tiger and the fox wrote by Sahel ibn Harron, he pointed on avery important incident of extermination of Albarameka aftermath the outraged of HaroonAlrasheedThe writer took the incident and made a story out of it, on which the animals were its heroesand their actions were similar to that in real life.The study has analyzed the figures in that story to know their kind and the nature of theirpersonality.

Reasons for reality and dream in Andalusian poetry

إیاد إسماعیل هلال علی; أ.م.د.محمود شاکر ساجت

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 180-203
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170733

Dreams are a special world that is different from the real world we live in, and no less important in human life, it is a world equal to reality and the events and events in this vast space. In this research I tried to discover and explain the reasons of dream as well as the reasons of reality to reach the depths of the poet during When poets express a certain situation, they evoke everything that is realistic and imaginary in front of them, or abandon the reality and live in a place and time to move away from the surrounding tragedies and tribulations, which make them want to change the reality of the poetical creativity of the Andalusian poet, Indeed.

The invocation of dialects according to Ibn al-Shjari in the structures of nouns and verbs in his book Al-Amali

أ.م.د. أثیر طارق نعمان; هیثم علی مخلف

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 204-235
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170749

The aim of this research is to study the dialects that Ibn al-Shajari invoked in the names and verbs in his book Al-Amali Morphological study. Of great importance, the research has two subjects examined in the first section: invoke dialects in the buildings of names, and studied the buildings of five names are: (F, which, and, and where, and would). And made the second section to protest the dialects in the structures of actions, and divided it into four demands: The first requirement: invoke dialects in the form of verb and do. Second requirement: Protest dialects in the movement of the characters of the speculation. Third requirement: Protest dialects in the spatial heart. Fourth requirement: invoke dialects in the interpretation of anomalies in the structure of some of the speculative acts.

The philosophy of survival and annihilation for the Andalusian poet from the fall of the caliphate until the fall of Granada (421-897 AH) strength and weakness as a model

م.م. حسین عبد الرحمن هلال; أ. م. د. محمود شاکر ساجت

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 236-255
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170751

This research disccused (the strength and weakness) as one of manifestations of survival
and death at the Andalusian poet. Andalusian poets tried, through their poetry, to express the
events that they experienced which increased their strength or weakened them. When the poet
is in a society where the welfare, safety, spreading of entertainment, the abundance of funds,
the power and king, victories in the battles, as well as the strength of the body and health and
youth. These factors made them enjoying power, however, there were many things that the
poet has exposed, which made him feel weak and lost his power such as, lost money, lost
loved ones, lost his home, lived in exile, lost in battle, spreading a hunger and poverty and
lost his youth and strength.

The method of (Advancement and Delay) in the interpretation of (Ghaarib al-Qur’an wa Raghaib al-Furqan) by Nizam al-Din al-Nisuri (died after 850 A.H.)

حیدر علی ندا; أ.م.د. محمود خلف حمد

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 256-279
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170752

This research aims to highlight a part of the message (Ealal Altaebir Alqaraniu) In the
interpretation (Gharayib Alquran Waraghayib Alfurqan) the system of religion Nisaburi to
know through it the approach of the (AL Nisaburi) in his explanation and way in the
displaying of his subject, then we know method of using multiple sciences such as
interpretation, readings, jurisprudence, eloquence, logic and etc. and employ them to highlight
the meanings that come out in the Quran and method of use it .

Sibawayh's grammatical views in the book Al-Dur Al-Masoon by Samin Al-Halabi

د. هشام أحمد خلف

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 280-320
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170753

Before the nearly thirteen centuries of Sibweh left this world and left behind a
single book later called the Koran grammar, collected grammar rules and still
echoed his book strongly in the subsequent followers of the grammarians of
different sects and schools, even left a fingerprint do not forget the passage of
days and the aging of times, The research focuses on grammatical opinions only,
taking important examples of them, and disregarding the complete investigation
that has been carried out. There is no room for such research.

Quoted from the Noble Qur’an, a reading in the poetry of Islamic sects in the Umayyad era

د. جمال فاضل فرحان

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 321-341
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170755

This research deals with the quotation from the Qur'an in Islamic poetry, in particular in
the poetry of Islamic sects in the Umayyad era. This can be done through a critical reading
interested in revealing the artistic and aesthetic value of this quotation and how the poet's
creativity plays a role in it in a way that he get benefit from it to enrich his poetic text. The
research was divided into two sections, the first shows the verbal quotations in the poetry
while the other discusses the moral quotations in it. Before these two sections there is a
preliminary explanation of the concept of quotation in terms of language and terminology,
and a brief overview of Islamic sects and their poets. In this reading the researcher follows
the descriptive analytical approach, and he concludes that the quotation has an efficient effect
in enriching the poets experience regardless their different dealing with the Qur'anic texts. We
should notice that the use of the Qur'anic words meanings was not in terms of its religious
and ideological, it was technical and rhetorical. Such work - undoubtedly - raises the level of
their poetic texts, and gives them [the poetic texts] a new dimension.

Intertextuality with historical figures at the blind buyers in Andalusia

محمد عادل محمد; أ.د. محمود شاکر ساجت

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 342-361
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170756

The blind poets in Andalusia relied on heritage to draw their poetic paintings. They felt that
Arab history in its personalities was a bright element in their poetic experience and a
significant inspiration. So they summoned historical Islamic figures and historical political,
literary and artistic figures along with the historical figures of women. But the historical
political, literary and artistic figures were more present than the rest; perhaps because they see
in the political and literary personality, including the pre-Islamic figures of those moral values
and glorious virtues that Islam called for and established. So they tend to take from the origin
maybe because they think that they are more present in the mind of the recipient. And this
would not under- estimate the Islamic figures which also founded the highest degrees of
morality and the best qualities.

Al-Sindi’s position (d. 1138 AH) on the evidence of the grammatical industry and his approach to transmission In his book Fath Al-Wadud, explaining Sunan Abi Dawood

عمر فیصل محمود; أ.م. د. بیان محمد فتاح

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 362-387
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170757

This study sheds light on the evidence of the syntactic industry represented by listening,
measuring, reasoning and directing attention to the modes of transport adopted by one of the
twelfth century media in a book explaining the conversations of our noble Prophet
Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).In this study, he presented the
applications of the evidence used by the author in the direction of some conversations and
another presentation of the transfer of flags and books varied, whether in explaining the talk
or grammar or adaptations or books of interpretation and methods of the author and his style
of transport and God reconcile.

Industrial Evidence in Al-Durar Al-Jawharia by Ali Al-Nabtiti (T.: 1065 A.H) (Alsammaa as a model)

ضیاء محمد حمضل الشعیبی; أ.د. أحمد عبد الل هّ حمود; أ.م.د. نصیف جا سم محمد

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 388-407
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170759

This research is based on the study of hearing and its impact on the rooting of grammar rules.
It also included talking about the way in which grammar scholars adopted the method of
relying on this source, which is a pillar that cannot be ignored in proving the grammatical
rule.. It also includes its approved sources of Qurani verses and readings, hadith, poetry and
prose, and dialects on which each team relie.

The eloquence of deleting pillars and leftovers, and what happened in their course according to the Ansari In his book (Fath al-Rahman)

م.م. فارس إ براهیم حنوش; م.م. أسماء إ براهیم عباس

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 408-426
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170761

Deletion is one of the widely known chapters in Arabic compositions and (Fath
al-Rahman by revealing what is confused in the Qur’an) book by Zakaria al-
Ansari (d.926 AH). The section of the pillar, such as deleting the subject, the
name of which was the actual sentence and its attachments. As for the
elimination of the excrement and what happened to them, the deletion of the
accusative, the second object, the accusative and so on appeared, as well as the
deletion of the dependencies.

The jurisprudential and legal purposes of the objectionable sentence of Al-Tahir bin Ashour (d. 1393 AH) in Liberation and Enlightenment book

م.م. إبراهیم محمود عبد المنعم; أ.د. أحمد عبد الل ه حمود

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 427-445
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170762

This is aconcise research which is contained the doctrinal and legality purposes for
interceptive sentence for " Interceptive Sentence for AL-Taher Ibn Ashoor (D.1393A.H) in
AL-Tahreer and AL-Tanweer Book".It was a selective study and what I dealt with was unique
sample while there ara other purposes can not be mentionned because of the limited time .
This study was as following :
I dealt with the doctrinal and legality purposes and defined it on concise way there fore,
Idealt with the Quran text which consists of Interceptive jurists opinions sometimes ,then ALTaher
Ibn Ashoor (D.1393A.H) opinion and if available interpreters opinions, eventually.
I wrote down some results that I have concluded.

Choice in the method of exception when the dammen in the lamps of the mosque

نور الهدى عبود خلف; أ.م.د وعد محمد سعید

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 446-459
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170763

The method of exception is one of the methods of the Arabic language and it is on the
sections : the related exception , the excluded exception and the empty exception . The related
and excluded can become complete and mentioned the excluded and the exception tool and
the excluded , but incomplete is the empty exception . And the exception comes fixed and
exalted , or preceded by semi – negative such as prohibition . And the choice is as it is in
other methods of grammar , and this project deals with the reason why Al-Dhammamini
chose the empty exception , no related nor excluded . the first place of choice is located in a
portion of Hadeeth Nabawi sharif , and the other is in averse of Holy Quran .

Psychological motives in the books of enthusiasm, the poetry of the environment as a choice

صفاء مؤید یوسف; أ.م.د.جاسم محمد عباس

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 460-480
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170764

In the name of ALLAH, prayer and peace be upon the Messenger of ALLAH Muhammad and
his family and companions and his ALLAH to the Day of Judgment and after:
This research deals with the environment and its relationship with the poet in the Books of
Zeal (enthusiasm). It is a research in which the researcher dealt with the psychological
reflections that the environment gives the poet, and the disorders that the poet suffers from. In
one hand the poet lives in an environment that does not comfort him and in other hands that
does comfort him. The research took the responsibility of analyzing and interpreting verses
from several aspects; from these aspects are the psychological aspects, which the research
revolves around the research, and also the rhetoric aspects, and others that have relationship
with the interpretation and the analysis.

Grammar lesson in (Cannes) and its sisters in the book (Maraa’ Al-Maftahat Sharh Mishkat Al-Masbah) by Obaid Allah Al-Mubarakpuri (d. 1414 A.H.)

بشیر هلال حسین; أ.د. طه شداد حمد رمضان

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 481-506
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170765

The Arabic language is the language of the Book of Allah the Immortal (the Holy Quran),
which does not expire its wonders; therefore, the greatest of what was written in the pen, and
preoccupied by the thought and time, after the book of God (Glory) the year of Prophet
Muhammad (peace be upon him) There is no doubt that the Prophet's Hadith is the second
source of legislation for Muslims after the Holy Quran, and confirms the words (peace be
upon him) on the importance, where he said in a long conversation: (... I do not give the
Koran and like him ...)), and Here came the attention of Muslim scholars to talk, and
preoccupied with explanation and interpretation and sailing in the secrets and study of science
and arts and canceled The scholars of Allah (Glory be to Him) had to study the hadeeth of the
Noble Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in the book " Explain the
lampshade "to the worship of God Mabarkfouri (1414 e)), and the subject of the study required the division of the study on the entrance, and two articles regarding the belongings
(and) sisters, followed by a conclusion containing the most important findings of the research.

The problem of translating the rhetorical image of the Hebrew language in Surat Yusuf at Ibn Shemesh (critical study)

م.د عذاب حمید ذیب; م.د. عمر یاسین نده

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 507-531
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170766

The orientalists, in the past and present, were interested in the Holy Qur’an studying,
criticizing and translating, and their aims differed in that, according to their cultural, religious
and intellectual orientations, and the translation of its meanings had a share of that interest, As
is the case in the first translation called the translation of the Monastery of Cluny 1141 AD in
France into Latin, and some translated it for the sake of knowledge, as is the case in the
translation of "Rivlin" into the Hebrew language, and some of them showed their hostile intentions and their religious and intellectual orientations towards it, as is the case In the
translation of Reckendorf Therefore, it was necessary to study and analyze these translations,
in order to find out the flaws in these translations, and respond to them, because the Noble
Qur’an is not a book of intellectual luxury, but rather it is the miraculous word of God, the
constitution of Muslims and the pillar of their religion Bin Shemesh's translation was chosen
for the study because the translator's hostile intentions and orientations were evident in his
introduction to the translation, and the choice of rhetorical methods is the focus of the
research. Because it contains meanings among the expressions that the non-specialist reader
cannot know, so it was necessary to research this particular topic to see the extent of the
translator's proficiency in conveying the meaning as it was mentioned in the Islamic Quran
interpretation books. As for choosing Surat Yusuf as a model, it is because it transmits events
of the story of a prophet from among the prophets of God, peace be upon them, and was
mentioned in the Jewish and Islamic heritage, which calls for consideration of the extent to
which the translator was affected by this, and the extent of his commitment to scientific
honesty in transmitting events .

Quranic words and their impact on Quranic expression (Surat An-Naba as a model)

م.م اسراء جمیل شریف

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 532-559
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170768

In the name of of Allah the Merciful
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, and the best prayer and complete our handover to our Master
Muhammad, his family and companions.
There is no doubt that excellence, leadership, dignity, leadership, pride and sovereignty in this world
and in the Hereafter are the campaign of the Book of Allah and the worlds of the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) and because he said: This weight raises the book and puts others.
Quran, memorization and research in the secrets of the Koran The book does not end Wonders dazzled
the minds of scientists and linguists and researchers as a motor of thought and gave the meanings and
viva useful science, and from this point found it appropriate to go in the midst of this book was my
research entitled "Sura") and the nature of research To swear to Introduction and three questions and a
conclusion, the introduction said the reason for choosing the subject and its importance and research
plan, and the detective as follows....
The first topic: the ways of grammatical meanings in the sura and four demands included, the first
condition: emphasis, the second condition: definition and logic, the third condition: deletion and male.
The fourth demand: submission and delay, and the second topic: methods of rhetoric in the sura, and
included three demands....
The first demand: the metaphorical demand for knowledge of meanings, and the second condition: the
science of the statement, the third request: the science of Budaiya, and the third topic: the art of
Quranic expression in the sura. It contains two requirements: the first condition: the structure in the
Quranic expression and the second demand: altruism.
In conclusion, I mentioned the most important findings in my humble research.
At the end of the research, I listed the most important sources and references on which my research
was based. In conclusion, I ask God to make this work pure for His holy face. God has reached our
master Muhammad and his family and companions

olkien's Proverbs and Proverbial Expressions in Halliday's Transitivity

Ahmed Hamadi (M.A.) Dhuha

Anbar University Journal of Languages & Literature, 2019, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 560-573
DOI: 10.37654/aujll.2019.170769

This paper aims to investigate and analyze proverbs and proverbial
expressions which are socially acceptable, used by J. R. R. Tolkien, in his novel
"The Hobbit", according to Halliday's transitivity theory. It shows how they
were woven within the events of novel to achieve his persuasive strategies. Plus,
it presents the way that the novelist successfully used to persuade children and
make them comprehend and understand them. The study results reveal that the
frequency of different processes varies in different rates. In addition, he uses the
relational process, which occupies the first place among the others, to create the
positive image in the children's mind.